Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the second most populated city in India with a population of over 19 million. It is also the capital of Delhi State and one of the seven metropolitan areas in India.
MCD was established on 1st April 1853 as the Municipal Corporation of Delhi by an act of Parliament. Since then, it has been involved in various civic and developmental projects across the city.
The aim of this article is to provide you with a snapshot of MCD and its various departments so that you can better understand how it functions and contributes to Delhi’s development.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the largest city corporation in India and one of the largest municipal corporations in the world. The corporation covers an area of 1,483 square kilometers with a population of over 10 million people.
It has a budgetary allocation of Rs. 2,500 crore and employs around 150,000 employees. The MCD manages a wide range of civic functions including housing, public health, solid waste management, street lighting, water supplies and sanitation.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD)
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is one of the largest municipal bodies in India. Established on 1 April 1857, it consists of 1,486 wards and covers an area of 1,203 km².
The MCD is responsible for providing civic amenities such as water supply, sanitation, drainage systems, street lighting, and maintenance of public places like parks and playgrounds. In addition, it provides services such as ambulance service, fire brigade, and police protection.
Functions of MCD
Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is a statutory corporation constituted under the Municipal Corporation Act, of 1888. It is responsible for providing civic amenities and services in the National Capital Territory of Delhi. The jurisdiction of MCD extends over an area of 1,484 sq km.
MCD functions are divided into three categories: administration, development, and maintenance. Administration includes planning, budgeting, monitoring, and control; development includes construction and maintenance of infrastructure; and maintenance includes the provision of essential public services like water supply, solid waste management, and sanitation. MCD has a staff strength of around 3600 employees.
History of MCD
Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the largest municipal corporation in India, covering an area of 1,484.6 km2 and has a population of over 11 million people as on 31 March 2016.MCD became operational on 1 April 1985.
The predecessor body was the Municipal Committee of Delhi established in 1863. In 1876, it was upgraded to a Municipality with jurisdiction over an area of 653 hectares.
In 1911, it became a City with a population of 350,000 and jurisdiction over an area of 3,453 hectares. On 15 July 1972, it was elevated to the status of Municipal Corporation with the jurisdiction over an area of 816 hectares and a population of over 2 million people.
The administrative headquarters are located at North Block in New Delhi. The MCD is responsible for providing basic civic amenities such as water supply, drainage, solid waste management, and public health facilities to its citizens.
It also manages urban planning and development projects in the city. The corporation also plays an important role in promoting economic development by facilitating infrastructure creation.
The MCD has been ranked number one out of 730 municipalities surveyed by Trust Bureau India in terms of performance parameters such as provisioning basic services well, implementation efficiency, and citizen satisfaction.
Administration of MCD
Municipal corporation of Delhi, commonly known as MCD, is a municipal corporation in Delhi, India. The corporation covers an area of 982 km² and has a population of over 10 million. It was established on 1 April 1966 and is headed by an elected mayor.
Finance and Administration of MCD
The Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the state-level governing body for the city of Delhi in India. The MCD was formed on 1 November 1956 and assumed complete administrative, legislative and financial powers over the city from the old Delhi Municipal Corporation on 4 January 1957. The corporation has a population of approximately 10 million people and an annual budget of around Rs 50,000 crore.
The MCD is headed by a Mayor, who is directly elected by the voters of Delhi. The Mayor is assisted by a Deputy Mayor and eight other Commissioners. The Commissionerate System was introduced in 1977 to reduce corruption and make governance more efficient.
Under this system, each ward in the city is represented by a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), who belongs to one of the political parties recognised by the Elections Commission of India.
The administration functions of the MCD are divided into five departments: Urban Development, Public Health & Safety, Engineering Services, Revenue Administration and Home Guard. Each department is headed by a Director-General appointed on deputation from the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).
The municipality has its own police force, known asthe Municipal Corporation Police Force (MCPF). The MCPF comprises about 10 thousand personnel including 7500 officers and 5000 constables. It has its own headquarters at Civil Lines in New Delhi and six branches located throughout the city
Infrastructure and Projects of MCD
MCD is one of the largest municipal corporations in India with a total area of 1,484 sq km. It has a population of over 10 million and is responsible for providing municipal services such as water supply, sanitation, garbage disposal, housing, and urban planning to the citizens of Delhi. MCD has also been entrusted with the responsibility of developing Delhi into a global city.
Some of the major infrastructure projects undertaken by MCD include the construction of a new airport terminal at Vashi and improvements to existing bus terminals and railway stations.
In addition, MCD is currently undertaking several major redevelopment projects in areas such as Connaught Place, South Extension, and Patel Nagar.
Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD) is the biggest municipal body in India and also one of the most progressive. Established in 1876, MCD manages an extensive infrastructure including roads, water supply, housing, and other civic amenities for a population of over 10 million people living within its jurisdiction.
The corporation has been making headlines for its innovative projects such as the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY), an insurance scheme that provides crop insurance to farmers in rain-prone areas, and the Rs 12,000 crore Swachh Bharat Mission—an ambitious campaign to make India clean.